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Rocket engine projects

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ROCKET ENGINE PROJECTS

Detonation Engines
Specialized Detonation Liquid-Propelled Rocket Engine (LPRE) Laboratory, established in 2014 on the NPO Energomash premises by the Advanced Research Foundation (FPI), is working on developing oxygen-kerosene rocket engines working on continuous detonation principle.
Oxygen-Methane Engines

NPO Energomash has been working on methane since 1981. Methane is a cryogenic product (evaporation occurs at 160°C) and is more easily released from fuel residues. Due to this, methane fuel is better suited to development of a reusable engine and reusable air and spacecraft.


Three-Component Engines
NPO Energomash specialists developed the RD-701 LPRE, which uses oxygen-kerosene propellant with an addition of 3–6 % of hydrogen, within a project for a multipurpose aerospace system. At low altitudes, the propulsion system operates on a three-component propellant (kerosene-hydrogen and oxygen as an oxidizing agent), transitioning without interruption to an oxygen-hydrogen mixture during flight at high altitudes. The thrust of the engine in vacuum, when operating on a mixture of oxygen, kerosene and hydrogen, is 408 tf, decreasing to 162 tf when working on an oxygen-hydrogen mixture.
Laser Ignition (LI)

The laser ignition device was developed by NPO Energomash specialists together with the Keldysh State Scientific Center. The essence of the new technology for launching rocket engines is the initiation of an optical-induced breakdown, forming a plasmoid inside the combustion chamber when fuel components are supplied into it.